This project is read-only.
The goal of this project is to provide a simple way to run T-SQL batch in parallel, monitor, and operate executing processes from the same or other sessions.

Highlights

  • Simple way to run SQLs in parallel
  • Termination of main session (the launcher session) cancels all executing SQLs and skips all waiting SQLs.
  • Support different ways to shutdown executing asynchronous batches
  • Adjustable maximum threads in an asynchronous batch
  • Effective monitoring tools

Run T-SQL in Parallel

Download and install the code into your SQL Server and let's get started with an example
set xact_abort on
begin transaction
exec dbo.AsyncName @Name = 'Test'
exec dbo.AsyncMaxThreads @MaxThreads = 3
----Start: those queries will be executed by 3 threads
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:40'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:30'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:20'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:10'''
exec dbo.AsyncWait -- wait commands above to complete
commit -- async batch complete
The main session is responsible for starting an asynchronous batch, setting execution configurations, queuing tasks, waiting for batch completion, and stopping a batch.
set xact_abort on
begin transaction
--Code here...
commit
An asynchronous batch must be started within a transaction. The transaction will not be propagated in to any asynchronous commands. When transaction is completed (commit or rollback), the batch will stop automatically. Currently executing asynchronous commands will be cancelled and waiting commands will be aborted.
It's recommended to set xact_abort on. This guarantees that when the main session is cancelled/killed, transaction will be rolled back automatically, hence batch will be cancelled.
AsyncName: Optionally you can give current batch a name.
AsyncMaxThreads: Set max number of concurrent worker threads
AsyncExecute: enqueue a T-SQL command. As long as a command is enqueued, it will be started immediately when there is an available worker threads
AsyncWait: this procedure will wait all worker threads to complete.
One more example
set xact_abort on
begin transaction
exec dbo.AsyncName @Name = 'Test-1'
exec dbo.AsyncMaxThreads @MaxThreads = 3
----Start: those queries will be executed by 3 threads
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:40'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:30'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:20'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:10'''
exec dbo.AsyncWait -- wait commands above to complete
--commit
--begin transaction
exec dbo.AsyncName @Name = 'Test-2'
exec dbo.AsyncMaxThreads @MaxThreads = 2
----Start: those queries will be executed by 2 threads
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:35'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:25'''
exec dbo.AsyncExecute @Command = 'waitfor delay ''00:00:15'''
exec dbo.AsyncWait -- wait commands above to complete
commit -- async batch complete
Batch name and max threads can be changed any time before a batch is finished. In example above, First 4 asynchronous commands will be run concurrently by 3 threads. After they are done, last 3 commands will be executed by 2 threads.
To splitting this batch into two, you can simply add commit after the first AsyncWait invocation and add begin transaction right after the commit statement you just added. This will not make difference in terms of asynchronous command executions. But it will show differently in the monitor.

Monitoring

While the first demo is running, run following query in a separate session
select * from dbo.AsyncTaskList()

Pass the main session id into AsyncTaskStatus function to get more details.
select * from dbo.AsyncTaskStatus(53)

Function AsyncTaskStatus will give you the statuses of each command in a asynchronous batch. This structure will stay in memory and attached to the main session id (53 in this case) until the next batch gets started(in session 53).

More Supporting Procedures

  • AsyncCloseWhenException @CloseWhenException, @ForceClose
This procedure should be run within main session. It defines how the batch behave when there is an exception in one of the worker thread.
When @CloseWhenException is 0, exceptions in worker threads will not terminate the main session.
When @CloseWhenException is 1, exceptions in any worker threads will terminate the main session.
@ForceClose is applicable when @CloseWhenException=1. It tells the framework how to terminate the running workers. The commands in waiting list will be aborted anyways.
When @ForceClose is 0, main session will exit until all running workers complete
When @ForceClose is 1, running workers will be cancelled. Main session will return once the command cancellation is done
  • AsyncClose @spid, @ForceClose
This procedure allows user to terminate a running asynchronous batch. The commands enlisted in the batch but not started yet will be aborted.
@spid: main session's session id.
When @ForceClose is 0, main session will exit until all running workers complete
When @ForceClose is 1, running workers will be cancelled. Main session will return once the command cancellation is done.

More Coming

  • Plan to support enlisting parameterized commands
  • Plan to support call back events. For instance, a procedure can be configured and called before a command is started.
  • Unload an executing or waiting task.
  • Task retry
  • Any other ideas will be more than welcome.

Last edited Dec 7, 2015 at 6:31 PM by john_wong_ca, version 39